Story of Cain and Abel
This is a summary of the Biblical account of story of Cain and Abel. You can study more in-depth Bible verses from the Scripture below and use the articles to understand the meaning in the back of this teachable occasion in the Bible. For a short review, Cain and Abel were the first and second sons of Adam and Eve. While Cain was a farmer, Abel was a professional shepherd who took care of the circle of relatives’s animals. One day Cain and Abel made sacrifices to the Lord to worship and thank Him. Cain delivered some of the produce from the land at the same time as Abel used the firstborn of his sheep. God confirmed favor upon Abel’s sacrifice because it was a supplying that came from the fine Abel had to give. This made Cain very angry and jealous. Cain lured his brother Abel into the fields and killed him with a rock. The Lord referred to as to Cain asking what took place between you and your brother and after Cain lies about killing his brother, God punishes Cain. While God’s harsh punishment on Cain was that he could not capable of grow plants on his land, He did promise Cain that nobody could kill him.
What the Bible Says About Cain
His name mean “a possession; a spear”. The first-born son of Adam and Eve (Genesis 4). He was a tiller of the ground, as his brother Abel followed the pursue of pastoral life. He was “a sullen, self-willed, haughty, vindictive man; wanting the spiritual detail in his individual, and defiant even in his mind-set toward God.” It came to pass “in process of time” (marg. “on the end of days”), i.e., probably at the Sabbath, that the two brothers provided their services to the Lord. Abel’s giving was of the “firstlings of his flock and of the fats,” while Cain’s was “of the fruit of the ground.” Abel’s sacrifice was “more tremendous” (Hebrews 11:4) than Cain’s, and was normal by God. On this account, Cain was “very wroth,” and cherished feelings of murderous hatred towards his brother, and was at period guilty of the desperate outrage of placing him to death (1 John 3:12). For this crime, he was expelled from Eden, and henceforth led the life of an exile, bearing upon him some mark which God had set upon him in solution to his own cry for mercy, so that thereby he is probably included from the wrath of his fellow-men; or it could be that God gave him some signal to guarantee him that he might not be slain (Genesis 4:15). Doomed to be a wanderer and a fugitive in the earth, he went forth into the “land of Nod”, i.e., the land of “exile”, that is stated were in the “east of Eden,” and there he built a city, the first we study of, and referred to as it after his son’s name, Enoch. His descendants are enumerated to the sixth generation. They regularly degenerated in their moral and spiritual situation until they were fully corrupt before God. This corruption prevailed, and at length the Deluge was sent by God to prevent the final triumph of evil. (Easton’s Bible Dictionary)
Seven things we know about Cain:
- he worships in self-will
- is indignant with God
- refuses to convey a sin offering
- murders his brother
- lies to God
- turns into a vagabond
- is, although, the item of the divine solicitude
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What the Bible Says About Abel
His name mean “a breath, or vanity, a grassy place, a meadow”. He was second son of Adam and Eve. He was put to death with his brother Cain (Genesis 4:1-16). Guided by the training in their father, the two brothers were experienced in the duty of worshipping God. “And in process of time” (marg. “at the end of days”, i.e., at the Sabbath) every of them offering up to God of the main-fruits of his labors. Cain, as a husbandman, offering the fruits of the field; Abel, as a shepherd, of the firstlings of his flock. “The Lord had respect unto Abel and his offering, but unto Cain and his offering he had not admire” (Genesis 4:3-5). On this account Cain was angry together with his brother, and formed the design of placing him to death; a design which he at period found a possibility of wearing into effect ( Genesis 4:8 Genesis 4:9 . Compare 1 John 3:12 ). There are several references to Abel in the New Testament. Our Savior speaks of him as “righteous” ( Matthew 23:35 ). “The blood of sprinkling” is said to talk “better things than that of Abel” (Hebrews 12:24); i.e., the blood of Jesus is the truth of which the blood of the imparting made by Abel was most effective the type. The evaluation here is among the sacrifice offered by Christ and that offered by Abel, and not among the blood of Christ calling for mercy and the blood of the murdered Abel calling for vengeance, as has on occasion been intended. It is also said (Hebrews 11:4) that “Abel presented unto God a more incredible sacrifice than Cain.” This sacrifice was made “via faith;” this faith rested in God, not only as the Creator and the God of windfall however specifically in God as the fantastic Redeemer, whose sacrifice was typified by the sacrifices which, no doubt with the divine group, have been presented from the days of Adam downward. On account of that “faith” that regarded ahead to the amazing atoning sacrifice, Abel’s imparting was conventional through God. Cain’s providing had no such reference and consequently was rejected. Abel was the first martyr, as he was the first of our race to die. (Easton’s Bible Dictionary)
5 things we know about Abel
“Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the floor,” as a result representing the two fundamental interests of civilized life, the 2 earliest subdivisions of the human race. On the Hebrew way of life of the prevalence of the pastoral over agricultural and town life, see The Expositor T, V, 351. The narrative may additionally probably undergo witness to the primitive concept that pastoral life was more alluring to Yahweh than husbandry.
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“In the process of time,” the 2 brothers came in a solemn way to sacrifice unto Yahweh, in an effort to express their gratitude to Him whose tenants they were in the land (Genesis 4:3, 4. See SACRIFICE). How Yahweh signified His reputation of the only imparting and rejection of the other, we aren’t advised. That it was due to the difference in the material of the sacrifice or in their way of presenting was likely the perception the various early Israelites, who appeared animal offerings as advanced to cereal offerings. Both kinds, but, were absolutely in accord with Hebrew law and custom. It has been advised that the Septuagint rendering of Genesis 4:7 makes Cain’s offense a ritual one, the providing not being “effectively” made or rightly divided, and subsequently rejected as irregular. “If thou makest a right offering, but dost not reduce in portions rightly, artwork thou not in fault? Be nonetheless!” The Septuagint clearly took the rebuke to turn upon Cain’s neglect to prepare his offering according to strict ceremonial necessities. Dieles (Septuagint in the place stated.), but, implies nathach (nattach), and could practice to animal sacrifices. Compare Exodus 29:17; Leviticus 8:20; Judges 19:29; 1 kings 18:23; and spot COUCH.
3). Righteous Man
The real cause for the Divine preference is likely to be located in the disposition of the brothers (see \CAIN\). Well-doing consisted not in the outward offering (Genesis 4:7) however in the right state of thoughts and feeling. The acceptability relies upon on the internal causes and ethical characters of the offerers. “By faith Abel given unto God a more high-quality (plentiful, pleiona) sacrifice than Cain” (Hebrews 11:4). The “more ample sacrifice,” Westcott thinks, “suggests the deeper gratitude of Abel, and suggests a fuller feel of the claims of God” to the well. Cain’s “works (the collective expression of his inner life) had been evil, and his brother’s righteous” (1 John 3:12). “It might be an outrage if the gods looked to presents and sacrifices and not to the soul” (Alcibiades II.149E.150A). Cain’s heart was not natural; it had a criminal propensity, springing from envy and jealousy, which rendered each his imparting and person unacceptable. His evil works and hatred of his brother culminated in the act of murder, specifically evoked by the other man or woman of Abel’s works and the acceptance of his presenting. The evil man cannot undergo the sight of goodness in every other.
Abel ranks as the first martyr (Matthew 23:35), whose blood cried for vengeance (Genesis 4:10; evaluate Revelation 6:9,10) and brought despair (Genesis 4:13), while that of Jesus appeals to God for forgiveness and speaks peace (Hebrews 12:24) and is preferred before Abel’s.
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The first brothers in history stand as the types and representatives of the 2 most important and enduring divisions of mankind, and undergo witness to absolutely the antithesis and eternal enmity between right and evil. (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)
The Sacrifices and Devotions of Cain and Abel
In process of time, after they had made a few improvement of their respective callings (Heb. At the end of days, both at the end of the year, when they kept their feast of in-collecting or possibly an annual speedy in remembrance of the autumn, or on the end of the days of the week, the seventh day, which was the sabbath)—at a few set time, Cain and Abel added to Adam, because the priest of the circle of relatives, every of them an imparting to the Lord. There was a difference in the services they added. It is expressly said (Heb. 11:4 ), Abel’s was a more super sacrifice than Cain’s: either In the nature of it. Cain’s was best a sacrifice of acknowledgment offered to the Creator; the beef-offerings of the fruit of the floor had been no more, and, for aught I know, they are probably offered in innocency. But Abel delivered a sacrifice of atonement, the blood whereof was shed so as to remission, thereby proudly owning himself a sinner, deprecating God’s wrath, and imploring his favor in a Mediator. Or, In the traits of the offering. Cain delivered of the fruit of the floor, any element that came subsequent to hand, what he had not occasion for himself or what was not marketable. But Abel was curious in the choice of his imparting: not the lame, nor the lean, nor the refuse, but the firstlings of the flock —the pleasant he had, and the fats thereof —the exceptional of these exceptional.
The great distinction was that Abel offered in faith, and Cain did not. There was a distinction in the precept upon which they went. Abel offered with a watch to God’s will as his rule, and God’s glory as his end, and in dependence upon the promise of a Redeemer; but Cain did what he did only for employer’s sake, or to save his credit, not in faith, and so it was sin to him. Abel was a penitent believer, like the publican that went away justified: Cain was un-humbled; his self belief was in himself; he was just like the Pharisee who glorified himself, but was not a lot as justified before God. (excerpts from Matthew Henry Commentary)
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The Anger and Sin of Cain
Many instructions crowd on us from this phase. Its standard purport is to show the growth of sin, and its strength to component man from man even because it has parted man from God. We may also call the whole ‘The starting of the deadly operations of sin on human society.’ Sin right here seems as having the strength to bar men’s way to God. Much ingenuity has been spent at the query why Abel’s imparting was widespread and Cain’s rejected. Cain’s presenting had no feel of dependence, no outgoing of love and believe, no adoration,—although it can have had fear,—and no moral element. So it had no candy scent for God. Abel’s was sprinkled with some drops of the incense of lowly trust and got here from a heart which fain might be natural; consequently it was a pleasure to God.
The deadly fruit of hate is taught in the short account of the actual homicide. Notice the amazing plainness and fewness of the words. ‘Cain rose up against his brother, and slew him.’ A sort of horrorstruck awe of the crime is audible. Observe the emphasis with which ‘his brother’s repeated in the verse and at some stage in. Observe, also, the vibrant mild thrown via the story at the upward push and progress of the sin. It starts with envy and jealousy. Cain was not wroth because his offering was rejected. What did he care for that? But what angered him was that his brother had what he had not. So selfishness was at the lowest, and that led on to envy, and that to hatred. Then comes a pause, in which God speaks remonstrance’s,—as God’s voice—judgment of right and wrong—does now to us all,—among the creativeness and the act of evil. An actual or a feigned reconciliation is effected. The brothers go in apparent harmony to the field. No new provocation appears, however the vintage feelings, stored down for a time, come in once more with a hurry, and Cain is swept away by them. Hatred left to work the process of murder.
Cain’s defiant answer teaches us how a man hardens himself towards God’s voice. It additionally suggests us how intensely egocentric all sin is, and how weakly silly its excuses are. It is sin which has rent men apart from men, and made them deny the very concept that they’ve obligations to all men. The first sin was most effective against to God; the second one was in against to God and man. The first sin did not spoil, though it saddened, human love; the second one kindled the flames of infernal hatred, and triggered the primary drops to waft of the torrents of blood that have soaked the earth. When men spoil far from God, they’ll quickly homicide one another. Cain was his brother’s keeper. His query responded itself. If Abel was his brother, then he was certain to appear after him. His self-condemning excuse is however a specimen of the shallow pleas by which the forgetfulness of obligations we owe to all mankind, and all sins, are defended.
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The Mark of Cain
Genesis 4:15 states “But the LORD said to him, “Not so ; anybody who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.” Then the LORD put a mark on Cain so that no person who find him could kill him, about which there may be a spread of sentiments.” Some say the mark of Cain was a horn in his forehead: others, a leprosy in his face; others, a wild ghastly appearance; others, a shaking and trembling in all his limbs; and others, that there was an earthquake wherever he stepped: and others could have it, that the canine which guarded Abel’s flock was given him to accompany him in his travels, with which sign it is probably regarded that he was not to be attacked, or to direct him from taking any dangerous street: a few say it was a letter imprinted on his brow, both taken out of the superb and superb name of God, as the Targum of Jonathan, or out of his personal call, as Jarchi; others the mark or signal of the covenant of circumcision but because the word is regularly used for a signal or miracle, perhaps the better rendering and experience of the words can be, “and the Lord placed”, or “gave a signal” that is, he wrought a miracle before him to assure him, that “whoever found him must no longer kill him”: so that this was not a mark or signal to others, to direct or factor out to them that they have to now not kill him, or to discourage them from it; however was a sign or miracle confirming him on this, that nobody must kill him; agreeably to that’s the word of Aben Ezra, “it’s right in my eyes that God made a signal (or wrought a miracle) for him, till he believed;” via which he was assured that his life could be relaxed, cross in which he could; even that no person ought to “strike” F4 him, because the word is, plenty much less kill him. (John Gill’s Exposition of the Bible)
Read the overall Scripture tale of Cain and Abel below.
1 Adam made love to his spouse Eve, and she was pregnant and gave birth to Cain. She said, “With the help of the LORD I even have added forth a man.” 2 Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. Now Abel kept flocks, and Cain labored the soil. 3 In the path of time Cain added some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the LORD. 4 And Abel also added an offering—fats quantities from a number of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD regarded with desire on Abel and his imparting, 5 but on Cain and his offering he did not look with desire. So Cain was very indignant, and his face become downcast. 6 Then the LORD stated to Cain, “Why are you irritated? Why is your face downcast? 7 If you do what’s right, will you not be acceptable? But if you do not do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it needs to have you, but you must rule over it.” 8 Now Cain said to his brother Abel, “Let’s move to the field.” While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him. 9 Then the LORD stated to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?” “I don’t know,” he responded. “Am I my brother’s keeper?” 10 The LORD stated, “What have you ever done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the floor. 11 Now you’re below a curse and driven from the floor, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood out of your hand. 12 When you work the floor, it’s going to not yield its vegetation for you. You will be a stressed wanderer on earth.” 13 Cain stated to the LORD, “My punishment is more than I can undergo. 14 Today you’re riding me from the land, and I might be hidden out of your presence; I will be a restless wanderer on the earth, and whoever unearths me will kill me.” 15 But the LORD stated to him, “Not so ; every person who kills Cain will go through vengeance seven times over.” Then the LORD positioned a mark on Cain in order that no one who found him could kill him. 16 So Cain went out from the LORD’s presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden.
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15 But the LORD said to him, “Not so ; anybody who kills Cain will suffer vengeance seven times over.” Then the LORD positioned a mark on Cain in order that no person who observed him could kill him.