Daniel (3304-3399 / 457-362 BCE) was a celebrated Jewish child and grasp interpreter of goals who was exiled to Babylon after the destruction of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. He is well-known for successfully decoding the proverbial “writing at the wall” and miraculously surviving the lions’ den. His book is blanketed in the canon of sacred Jewish writings.
Early Life of Daniel
The Chaldean king Nebuchadnezzar conquered the Land of Judea in 3319 (442 BCE) and destroyed the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. As was the same old practice of invading rulers, Nebuchadnezzar deported the Jewish intelligentsia and pressured them to relocate to Babylon. Among them have been Daniel, Chananya, Mishael and Azaryia (from the tribe of Judah), all relatively proficient young princes, decided on to function chamberlains in the royal court. Under the tutelage of the chief officer, Daniel, who was already an accomplished scholar, performed high-quality talent and knowledge in many disciplines along with his three colleagues. Their perception and erudition in all areas, especially within the realms of mystical and esoteric knowledge, a long way outshone those of the other smart men of the kingdom. According to the Talmud, Daniel was endowed with an awesome gift of understanding such that if one had been to weigh his knowledge towards the wisdom of all the wise men of the gentile countries, the understanding of Daniel would outweigh all of them.
Nourishing the Soul
In order to reinforce the honor people could accord the idols of Nebuchadnezzar, all four of them have been assigned new names related to idolatry, but Daniel was unique the name of the most prestigious idol, Belshazzar.
This had a galvanizing effect on the four of them, which further bolstered their resolve to abstain from the non-kosher royal delicacies that was available for his or her consumption. Instead, they survived on a meager diet of legumes and water, and miraculously their look was even healthier than folks that partook of the royal dishes.
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Interpreter of Dreams
Being a grasp interpreter of goals, Daniel heroically prevented a royal decree issued in 3340 (421 BCE) to slay all of the wise men of the kingdom for their failure to help Nebuchadnezzar keep in mind a mysterious dream he had seen. Daniel and his colleagues advised Heaven that the dream be revealed, and their request was granted. After expressing gratitude to the Almighty and attributing his insight to God, Daniel proceeded to remind the king of his dream, and supplied him with a striking prediction of the future, describing the successive kingdoms that would upward thrust to power and dominate the civilized world, inclusive of the Median-Persian, Greek and Roman empires.
The recollection of the dream and its accompanying interpretation so impressed the king, that he started out to deal with Daniel as even though he had been a deity, prostrating himself and attempting to offer libations and sacrifices before him. Daniel spurned these efforts of deification, so Nebuchadnezzar instead promoted Daniel to the place of governor of the entire province of Babylon and high minister over all of the clever men of Babylon, who of route had been spared. The sages of the Midrash equate Daniel’s contribution with Joseph’s useful management of Egypt: “Had it not been for the Joseph, all of Egypt might have disintegrated, and without Daniel, all of the wise men of Babylon could have been destroyed.”
Twelve years later (3352, 410 BCE), Nebuchadnezzar had some other disturbing dream. Instead of summoning the other clever men of the empire, the king at once dispatched for Daniel and requested his interpretation. The implications of the dream were alarming, but Daniel shared them with the king. He explain to the king that he could be struck with insanity for seven years and would be decreased to the level of an animal. His nation, although, would stay intact and he would go back to his reign upon spotting the final authority of God.
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Charitable Advice of Daniel
Daniel suggested Nebuchadnezzar that to prevent the dream from happening, he has to distribute charity to the bad in abundance, and in the merit of those righteous deeds he might be spared from this fate. The king general the idea, and proceeded to open his treasury to distribute price range to the bad Jewish exiles who could generally beg for alms. This act of benevolence delayed the scene that awaited him for 365 days. Once the year had exceeded, Nebuchadnezzar proudly surmised that the decree have been nullified, and returned to the pomposity that had characterized his behavior before the dream. As soon as he uttered his first words of conceit, the Divine decree was applied, and he started out to conduct himself as even though he have been an animal. Ultimately, at the end of seven years, Nebuchadnezzar regain to his senses and reclaimed the throne.
Nebuchadnezzar died in the year 3364 (397 BCE) and was succeeded with his son Evil [pronounced eh-vil] Merodach whose reign prolonged for 23 years. He was accompanied with the King Belshazzar who ascended the throne in 3387 (374 BCE).
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The Writing on the Wall of Daniel
As anticipated through the vision of Daniel, the kingdoms of Mede and Persia began to rebellion against the rule of thumb of Bablylon. After first of all keeping off the attacks and affirming victory, King Belshazzar and 1000 of his noblemen threw a excellent banquet in celebration. While underneath the affect of wine, Belshazzar called for the gold and silver vessels that Nebuchadnezzar had taken from the Holy Temple in Jerusalem to be added in order that he, his nobles, better halves and concubines ought to drink from them. After the vessels of the Temple have been desecrated in the sort of way, the hands of a human hand appeared and wrote on the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace. The king watched in alarm as the disembodied hand wrote a coded message that no one regarded to understand. Belshazzar declared, “Whoever can read this inscription and inform me its meaning will be attired in [royal] pink, put on a golden chain and reign third in the state.” Despite their first-class efforts, the wise men of the kingdom couldn’t unlock the mysterious message.
On the advice of the queen, Daniel was summoned to the palace to interpret the inscription. Daniel declined the reward, but proceeded to censure the king for his brazen use of the Temple vessels, which will be the cause of the ill future about to befall him. Reading the cryptic phrases, “mene mene tekel ufarsin” (literally, “measured, measured, weighed and divided”), Daniel defined: mene – God has measured the period of your reign, and it has come to a cease; tekel – you have been weighed in the stability and found trying; preis – your kingdom is to be divided and given to Media and Persia.
As Daniel portended, the disintegration of the Babylonian empire was soon to come back. That very night Belshazzar was assassinated by his personal bodyguards.
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Daniel In the Lions’ Den
With the loss of life of Belshazzar, the combined armies of the Medes underneath Darius and the armies of Persia below Cyrus, were unfastened to march into Babylon and overcome it. Darius was first to rule, consistent with the prophecy that Mede could reign first.
It was crucial for Darius to quick assert manipulate over the extensive kingdom, so he appointed 120 functionaries to conduct the affairs of the various lands under his dominion. A supervisory council of three, certainly one of whom became Daniel, would preside over all the sports of the functionaries. With time, it have become more and more clear that Daniel was tons wiser than his colleagues, which brought on Darius to bear in mind appointing him over the entire kingdom. When his colleagues was aware about this, they conspired to make Daniel responsible of treason.
Purporting to behave within the king’s exceptional interests to solidify manage over the empire, they proposed a decree that no citizen of the kingdom be approved to deal with any request to any god or human other than the king for 30 days. Disobeying this command would be punishable by being thrown right into a lions’ den. The decree was permitted by the king, who signed the proclamation and issued the prohibition.
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Daniel was unfazed. He proceeded to climb to the higher story of his home where his windows confronted Jerusalem, to hope 3 times in a day as he had always done (a proof, incidentally, that Jews have prayed 3 times in a day on the grounds that time immemorial). His enemies misplaced no time in reporting his illegal prayers to the king. Darius, who had come to value and admire Daniel, become deeply disturbed by this improvement, because he identified that he could be pressured to act upon his decree. After to begin with attempting to delay the order, Darius ordered Daniel to be thrown to the lions, wishing him “May Your God, Whom you worship usually, rescues you!”
At dawn, Darius rushed to the lions’ den and called out, “Daniel, was the God Whom you always worshipped able to rescue you?” Miraculously, Daniel was not harmed. “My God,” said Daniel, “dispatched His angel who close the mouths of the lions so they wouldn’t harm me!”
Having witnessed this astounding occurrence, Darius ordered those who slandered Daniel, along with their families, to be condemned to the lions’ den.
The Talmud explains that Daniel was delivered to endure this ordeal due to the fact he had furnished king Nebuchadnezzar with advice to provide charity to the Jewish to be able to avoid Divine retribution. The Midrash, but, adopts the view that this incident took place in order to sanctify the name of God.
It is thrilling to notice that portions of Daniel’s prayers were incorporated into the day by day liturgy as a part of the penitential Tachanun prayer.
The Talmud also mentions that during later generations, Jewish people might walk sizable distances on Shabbat to collect and pray on the region in which Daniel prayed, which was situated 3 miles from the city of Barnish.
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The Demise of an Idol
In his unceasing quest to ensnare his Jewish subject into idol worship, king Nebuchadnezzar erected an idol in whose mouth he inserted the diadem—the tzitz of the high priest bearing God’s ineffable name, which he had plundered from the Beit Hamikdash, the Holy Temple—and as a result the idol started to utter remarkable side, inclusive of the phrases, “I am the Lord your God.” Daniel moved near the idol and commanded, “I am the emissary of the Master of the Universe. I decree upon you to emerge from the idol!” Daniel uttered one of the Divine names, the tzitz emerged and the idol collapsed and broke.
It must be mentioned that in line with the Talmud, Daniel was not gift at some point of the assembly before the idol of Dura.
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Men of the Great Assembly
Prior to the return of the Jews to Judea in 3413 (348 BCR), the leading Jewish pupils of the time convened to form the most prestigious meeting of Jewish scholarship in recorded history, called the Anshei Kneset Hagedolah (Men of the Great Assembly). Among them were Chagai, Zecharia, Malachi, Daniel, Chanania, Mishael, Azarya, Nechemia, Mordechai, Zerubavel and plenty of others.
One of the reasons they’re called the “Great Assembly” is due to the fact they “back greatness to its unique luster” by means of restoring and preserving the authentic language of the prayers as they had been uttered by Moshe in the Torah. The Talmud explains that the original Amidah (status) prayer covered the phrases, “the exquisite, effective and extraordinary God.” However, when the prophet Jeremiah beheld “strangers croaking in His Sanctuary” in the aftermath of the destruction of the Temple, he disregarded the word “splendid,” for “in which are the shows of His awesomeness?”
Daniel, acted in a comparable manner. He said, “Behold, strangers are enslaving His kids, where are the presentations of His power?” He therefore did not say “powerful” in his prayer.
When the Great Assembly convened, they reinstated the unique language of Moshe, explaining that “On the contrary! This is His superb show of power for He restrains His will in that He suggests an extended-struggling countenance to the depraved by not punishing them straight away. And those are certainly outstanding presentations of His awesomeness, due to the fact if not for the awe of the countries for the Holy One, Blessed is He, how should one solitary kingdom continue to exist among the nations of the world?!”
The Talmud discusses the propriety of Jeremiah and Daniel changing the language of the prayer, explaining that “because they knew that God is straightforward and despises falsehood, they consequently could not communicate falsehood to Him.” In others word, of their view, it was suitable to reward God for those attributes that He had manifested in the world at that point. Upon the return of the Jewish people to Judea, and with the renaissance of the Jewish people, the Men of the Great Assembly restored the unique language, with the explanation that the bitter truth of the exile itself bears out God’s power and awesomeness. In different word, during times of struggling the intention of the words may be distinct than at some point of times of prosperity, but both way, the authentic language is valid.
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Stature in Scripture
The book of Daniel is a narrative woven with mystery and prophecy, containing cryptic descriptions of future occasions, mystical interpretation of dreams, profound visions about the Mashiach (Messiah) and the revival of the dead in the long run of days. It is the number one supply utilized by many Jewish scholars for calculating the precise date of the future redemption, statistics Daniel was commanded to render obscure.
Daniel is perceived of as being on par with, or maybe more than, Ezekiel the prophet, as they are each referred to in scripture with the honorific, “Son of Man.” The Zohar explains that this refers to their having refined their man or woman to this type of point that they might replicate the human-like Divine attributes (“Son of Man”) via which God interfaces with life. With regard to each Ezekiel and Daniel, we research of their steadfast commitment to God with the refusing to partake of non-kosher meals.
Yet, there are some unexpected differences between the two as nicely. The masters of Kabbalah point out that Daniel was aware of clearer prophetic visions than the ones of Ezekiel, no matter not being a prophet like his colleagues, Chagai, Zecharia and Malachi. The Kabbalists provide an explanation for that Daniel was not like the other prophets in that he was not appointed with the God to carry and publicize Divine messages of prophecy because the others were. Because his visions would not be shared, he was accredited to understand them with greater readability and intensity.
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Identity in the Writings
Some identify Daniel as Hatach, who is mentioned in the Purim tale as the character who transmitted vital messages among Mordechai and Esther. He was called Hatach (lit. “cut”) both because beneath Ahasuerus he was demoted to being a regular courier, or because beneath the following regime (of Cyrus or Darius II78) all topics of country had been decided (“reduce”) via him.
Daniel is also diagnosed as Memuchan, the consultant to king Achashverosh who counseled that queen Vashti be placed to dying for disobeying the royal order to seem before the king at some point of his banquet. Memuchan approach “organized,” and Daniel was strategically located by divine providence to be the agent through whom the miracle of Purim started out to spread.
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The Talmud discusses a law set up by Daniel whilst in Babylon that was intended to make intermarriage much less probable. The sages enacted various laws that have been intended to ensure that Jews do not marry out of the religion, inclusive of the ordinance against partaking of meals objects cooked with the gentiles. In Daniel’s generation, he decreed that a Jew won’t partake of oil belonging to a gentile. Daniel certified this ruling as making use of best in huge cities in which the opportunity of fraternizing with gentiles and ultimately marrying them was a more opportunity.
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The call Daniel is a conglomerate of the Hebrew words “din,” meaning severity and discretion, and “E-l,” the Divine name related to kindness and benevolence. The chassidic masters explain that the mixture of those opposites in a single name means that Daniel succeeded in transforming “din,” severity, into “E-l,” kindness.
As a paradigm of religious resilience Daniel displayed real self-sacrifice in the face of sizeable adversity, and holding onto his beliefs and religious exercise despite the isolation of exile. Notwithstanding the non secular darkness that enveloped him, Daniel in my opinion retained a high degree of Divine awareness and aligned his conduct with its sacred values. He served as a shining example of genuine devoted to God for all his Jewish brethren. In a way, he succeeded in transforming the spiritual desolation of his corner of the world right into a nation of redemption. In this benefit, the book of Daniel is the sole extent of the Holy Scriptures to brazenly report Divine prophecy regarding the ultimate redemption and the time it’s going to arrive