Who Wrote the Book of John?
The apostle John is assumed to be the writer of this gospel, even though a few Bible scholars have debated the writer’s identity and proposed others—is it Lazarus, Thomas, John Mark, or a few other unnamed disciples perhaps? The author by no means identifies himself via name, however he does give us numerous details that may be used to piece it together.
- We recognize that the gospel of John is the testimony of “the disciple whom Jesus cherished” (John 21:20, 24).
- We know this disciple was one of the twelve with Jesus whilst He washed the disciples feet and discovered the one who would betray Him (John 13:23).
- We realize he was the only one to witness Christ’s death at the cross and became afterward entrusted with the care of Jesus’ mother (John 19:26).
- We realize he was the first to see the empty tomb after Christ’s resurrection (John 20:4-5)
- We see this disciple often paired with Peter (John 20:2; 21:7) And accounts from the book of Acts and the other gospels inform us that Peter and John regularly labored together as a part of Jesus’ inner circle (Acts 3-4; Acts 8:14; Luke 9:28; Mark 14:33).
Supported via historical money owed from Irenaeus, Eusebius, and others, the case for the Apostle John’s authorship is a strong one.
Context and Background of John
Like the synoptic gospels, John is an in depth account of the life of Jesus Christ. But whilst Matthew and Luke record Christ’s delivery and Mark alternatives up the details of Jesus’ life at the start of His ministry, John goes all the way back to the beginning of time: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (John 1:1).
The book of John is an eyewitness account of Jesus’ ministry (AD 29-33) enriched by the writer’s information of Jewish traditions and accurate geographical knowledge of Palestine. This fourth gospel supplements the synoptic, that specialize in information about Christ’s work and words that monitor an extended span of ministry (as a minimum of 3 years as indicated by three Passovers).
It’s unclear whether or not John wrote independently of the other gospels (AD 50-70) or with their already present content in mind. And Bible scholars preserve to discuss whether or not this gospel was written later than AD 70. The Rylands Fragment (a papyrus fragment of the gospel of John dated from more or less AD 135) was discovered in the Egyptian hinterland, indicating a long time of prior move.
Whatever the precise date of authorship, John in all likelihood wrote from Ephesus to an audience of each Jews and Gentiles as indicated with his consciousness on Christ’s fulfillment of Old Testament guarantees and descriptions of Jewish tradition.
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Main Theme and Purpose of John
John states truly his cause for penning this gospel in John 20:31: “But those are written that you could agree with that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you can have life in his name.”
With this purpose of belief in thoughts, John chose to exclude a whole lot that had already been said and rather focus on Christ’s words and miracles.
The gospel of John consists of much less narrative and far more dialogue than the other gospels. And not just dialogue, but lengthy sections of uninterrupted discourse without delay from Jesus. John recorded seven “I am” statements that tell us who Jesus is:
“I am the bread of life” (John 6:35)
“I am the light of the world” (John 8:12)
“I am the door” (John 10:9)
“I am the best shepherd” (John 10:11)
“I am the resurrection and the life” (John 11:25)
“I am the way, the truth, and the life” (John 14:6)
“I am the vine” (John 15:5)
In John 8:58, Jesus says “before Abraham was born, I am!”—certainly one of many places in which Jesus used the “I am” creation without a supplement in what might had been diagnosed as an unmistakable declare to deity by using Jews of the time (Exodus 3:14).
This severe awareness on Jesus’ identification is interrupted simplest by accounts of miracles, 5 of which are not located in any other gospel. It is superb that John refers to Christ’s miracles as signs (John 2:11), emphasizing their cause of pointing to and demonstrating His deity (AMP study notes on John 2:11).
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What Can We Learn from John Today?
John elaborated at the spiritual meaning of the occasions he recorded, drawing us right into a fuller knowledge of who Christ is and what He achieved for us. Where the synoptic gospels say, “This is what took place,” John states with conviction, “This is the Son of God!”
His prologue (John 1:1-18), in contrast to something found in the synoptics, firmly establishes Christ’s deity and captures the marvel of “The Word [was] flesh and [making] his residing amongst us. We have visible his glory, the honor of the one and most effective Son, who got here from the Father, complete of grace and truth” (John 1:14).
Jesus’ “I am” statements in addition to His High Priestly Prayer (John 17) provide us perception into and confidence in who He is, imparting a clean photograph of the item of our notion and His heart closer to us: “My prayer is not for them by myself. I pray additionally for people who will agree with me via their message, that every one of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May in addition they be in us in order that the world may also believe that you have dispatched me” (John 17:20-21).
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Where are we?
In Christian way of life, John’s gospel has constantly been referred to as the fourth gospel, which means it was composed after the other three. Polycarp, a second-century Christian martyr who knew John in my view, informed Irenaeus that John had written the book at some stage in the apostle’s time serving the church in Ephesus. These factors propose that John wrote the book between AD 85 and AD 95.
Why is John so important?
John did not consist of the nativity tale in his gospel; as an others, he brought his book by going back even in addition into history. Invoking the “in the beginning” language of Genesis 1:1, John made an instantaneous link among the character of God and the nature of the Word, Jesus Christ. The emphasis at the deity of Christ is a striking satisfactory of John’s gospel. It also comes through genuinely some other place within the book, particularly in John 8:58 whilst Jesus claimed the divine name—“I am”—for Himself, which led an indignant mob of Jews to try and kill Him for blasphemy.
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What’s the large idea?
While the other three gospels painting Jesus as the King, the Servant, and the Son of Man, John portrays Jesus because the Son of God. John said his theme more truly than any of the other gospel writers. He wrote in order that his readers would possibly “believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God,” in order that they may have life in His name (John 20:31). To do so aim, John presented a riveting and distinct image of Jesus Christ, one in entire cohesion with the portraits in the other 3 gospels, but one which additionally adds appreciably to the Bible’s revelation of Jesus Christ, the God-man.
John used a selection of strategies to talk to his readers the nature of Jesus. These consist of his citation of Jesus’ seven “I am” statements, in which Jesus referred to Himself in phrases such as “the Light of the word” (8:12), “the resurrection and the life” (11:25), and “the way, and the fact, and the life” (14:6). Much of John’s gospel (chapters 2–12) might be referred to as the Book of Signs, because it recounts Jesus’s appearing of 7 one of a kind miracles—which include the turning water to wine at Cana and elevating Lazarus from the ldead at Bethany. These miracles illustrate His identity as the Son of God.
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Our Favorite Verses from John
John 8:31-32 – “To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, ‘If you preserve to my teaching, you’re surely my disciples. Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.’”
John 14:1-3 – ““Do not allow your hearts be concerned. You agree with God; agree with also in me. My Father’s residence has many rooms; if that had been not so, could I actually have advised you that I am going there to prepare a place for you? And if I cross and put together an area for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be wherein I am.”
John 17:24 – “Father, I need those you have got given me to be with me in which I am, and to look my glory, the honor you have given me due to the fact you loved me earlier than the creation of the world.”
John 4:13-14 – “Jesus spoke back, ‘Everyone who drink this water might be thirsty again, but whoever drink the water I deliver them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I supply them will become in them a spring of water welling up to everlasting life.’”
John 14:27 – “Peace I leave with you; my peace I come up with. I do not supply to you as the world offers. Do not let your hearts be anxious and do not be afraid.”