What are God’s attributes?
When we speak about the attributes of God, we are looking to answer questions like, Who is God, What is God like, and What type of God is he? An attribute of God is something genuine about him. While completely comprehending who God is impossible for us as confined beings, God does make himself acknowledged in a ramification of approaches, and via what he exhibits about himself in his Word and in his introduction, we can begin to wrap our minds around our brilliant Creator and God.
God is unlike something or everybody we should ever realize or believe. He is one among a kind, precise and without assessment. Even describing him with mere words simply falls brief of shooting who he is – our words surely cannot justice to describe our holy God.
Still, God possess attributes that we will know (even in only in component) and he’s given us his Word as a method to recognize him. We’ve compiled a list of God’s attributes; a few are what theologians name “incommunicable” (qualities possessed by God on his own) and others are “communicable” (characteristics that both God and we possess, though only he possesses them flawlessly).
Here are attributes of God, what they suggest and why they count number:
#1. God Is Infinite – He is Self-Existing, Without Origin
“And he is before all anything on earth, and in him all things maintain together.” – Colossians 1:17
“Great is our Lord, and plentiful in great power; his knowledge is immeasurable” – Psalm 147:5
The truth that God is self-existent — that he was created by nothing and has always existed for all time — is perhaps one of the hardest attributes of God for the believer to understand. In our limitedness, greedy the character of our restrict-much less God is like preserving onto water because it rages down a river. Indeed, Tozer writes this about the perplexing, head-spinning attribute of God’s infinity:
‘To admit that there is One who lies past us, who exists outdoor of all our classes, who will not be dismissed with a name, who will not seem before the bar of our cause, nor put up to our curious inquiries: this calls for a super deal of humility, more than most people own, so we keep face by questioning God down to our level, or at the least right down to wherein we can manipulate Him.”
In his article on Christianity, Dr. Adrian Rogers writes about the self-life of God: “The name Jehovah is used some 6,800 times inthe Bible. It is the personal covenant call of Israel’s God. In the King James Version of the Bible, it is translated Lord God. Not best does it speak of God’s strength, but also it speaks of the sovereignty of God and the goodness of God. The root of this name means “self-existing,” one that in no way came into being, and one that constantly may be. When Moses asked God, “Who shall I tell Pharaoh has sent me?” God said, “I AM THAT I AM.” Jehovah or Yahweh is the most intensely sacred name to Jewish scribes and plenty of will not even pronounce the name. When possible, they use another name.”
#2. God Is Immutable – He Never Changes
“I the Lord do never change. So you, the descendants of Jacob, aren’t destroyed.” Malachi 3:6
God does not change. Who he that can never change. His attributes are the equal from before the beginning of time into eternity. His plan will never even change – he in no way receives “better” or “worse.” His plans do not change. His guarantees do not change.
This ought to be a source of terrific pleasure for believers. Sam Storms writes this about the good information of God’s unchanging nature: “What all this indicates, very honestly, is that God is reliable! Our believe in him is therefore an assured consider, for we realize that he’s going to not, indeed cannot, change. His purposes are unfailing, his promises unassailable. It is due to the fact the God who promised us eternal life is immutable that we might also rest assured that not anything, not hassle or difficulty or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword shall separate us from the love of Christ. It is because Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever that neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, not even powers, height, depth, nor whatever else in all advent, will be capable of separate us from the affection of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord (Rom. 8:35-39)!”
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#3. God Is Self-Sufficient – He Has No Needs
“For because the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son additionally to have lifestyles in himself.” – John 5:26
As confined people, we’ve got tremendous wishes, which left unfulfilled, result in death. God, but, has in no way once been in need of whatever. As Tim Temple writes, “God is perfectly complete in his very own being.”
In a blog publish on Reformation21, Scott Swain writes that the self-sufficiency of God means he “possesses countless riches of being, understanding, goodness, and power in and of himself (Gen 17:1; John 5:26; Eph 3:16). Because he possesses these unfathomable riches in the correct information and love of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matt eleven.25-27; John 17:24-26), God is the “blessed” or “satisfied” God (1 Tim 1.11; 6:15).”
Because God is self-sufficient, we are able to go to him to fulfill all our needs. We by no means ought to fear about “drying up” his never-ending properly of goodness, peace, mercy and grace. “Now to him who is capable of do immeasurably extra than all we ask or believe, in step with his power that is at work within us…” (Ephesians 3:20)
#4. God is Omnipotent – He Is All Powerful
“By the word of the LORD the heavens had been made, their starry host through the breath of his mouth.” – Psalm 33:6
“Can you fathom the mysteries of God? Can you probe the limits of the Almighty? They are better than the heavens above—what can you do? They are deeper than the depths below—what can you know? Their degree is longer than the earth and wider than the sea. If he comes along and confines you in jail and convenes a court docket, who can oppose him? Surely he acknowledges deceivers; and while he sees evil, does he not take be aware?” – Job 11:7-11
Omnipotent means to have limitless power (omni = all; potent = powerful). God is ready and powerful to do anything he wills with none attempt on his component.
It’s vital to notice the “anything he wills” part of that assertion, because God can’t do anything that is contradictory or contrary to his nature. Hebrews 6:18 places it like this: “God did this so that, by way of unchangeable matters wherein it’s miles not possible for God to lie, we who’ve fled to take hold of the hope set before us can be greatly endorsed.”
In his devotional Forward, Ron Moore puts it like this: “God’s attribute of omnipotence way that God is capable of do all that He desires to do. When He plans something, it will become so. If He want something, it’ll manifest. Nothing can prevent His plan. When His hand is stretched out to do something, no one can turn it back. Omnipotence comes from Latin phrases. Omni manner “all,” and potens approach “powerful.” God’s decisions are always in line with His man or woman, and He has all the strength to do something He comes to a decision to do.”
“Scripture is apparent that God is robust and robust (Psalm 24:8). Nothing is simply too hard for Him to perform (Genesis 18:14; Jeremiah 32:17, 27; Luke 1:37). Often God is referred to as “Almighty,” describing Him as the One who possesses all power and authority (2 Corinthians 6:18; Revelation 1:8). In reality, Paul says that God is “capable of do immeasurably greater than all we ask or consider” (Ephesians 3:20).”
“Although such power may appear frightful, keep in mind that God is good. He can do something in line with His countless capability, however will do all those matters which are regular with Himself. That’s why He can’t lie, tolerate sin, or shop impenitent sinners.” – John MacArthur
#5. God Is Omniscient – He Is All-Knowing
“Remember the old things, the ones of long in the past; I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there may be none like me. I make know the end from the beginning, from historic instances, what remains to come back. I say: My cause will stand, and I will do all that I please” – Isaiah forty 6:9-10
God is omniscient, this means that he knows the whole lot. Debbie McDaniel writes this about the omniscience of God, “He can be anywhere, on the same time. And He never sleeps or slumbers, He’s aware every second of every day, exactly what we are up against. He is aware of our manner, and is with us constantly. There’s no area in this earth we will cross that He does not see and realize of.”
Tozer writes this about God’s omniscience: “God flawlessly knows Himself and, being the source and author of all things, it follows that He knows all that can be recognized. And this He is aware of instantly and with a fullness of perfection that consists of each viable object of know-how regarding the whole thing that exists or could have existed anywhere in the universe at any time in the beyond or that can exist within the centuries or a long time yet unborn.”
Because God is all-understanding, we will accept as true with that he is aware of the whole lot we’re going through these days and the whole lot we will go through tomorrow. When we meditate in this reality, in particular in light of his different attributes of goodness and love, it makes it less difficult to trust him with all we have going on in our lives, from the very serious to the stupid and mundane.
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#6. God Is Omnipresent – He Is Always Everywhere
“Where can I go from Your Spirit? Or where can I flee from Your presence? If I ascend to heaven, You are there; If I make my bed in Sheol, behold, You are there. If I take the wings of the sunrise, If I live within the remotest a part of the ocean, even there Your hand will lead me, And Your right hand will lay keep of me.” Psalm 139:7-10
“‘Am I a God hand,’ says the Lord, ‘and now not a God afar off? Can a person cover himself in mystery locations so that I cannot see him?’ says the Lord. ‘Do I not fill heaven and earth?’ says the Lord” – Jeremiah 23:23-24
To be omnipresent is to be in all places, at all times. Yet, it’s miles vital to remember that for God “to be” in a place isn’t always the same way we are in a place. “God’s being is all together different from bodily be counted,” the site Ligonier.Org explains. “He exists on a aircraft utterly distinguishable from the only without problems available to the five senses.”
Nevertheless, he’s with us, the fullness of his presence is all round us. “Where shall I move out of your Spirit? Or in which shall I flee from your presence? If I ascend to heaven, you’re there! If I make my mattress in Sheol, you’re there! If I take the wings of the morning and reside within the uttermost part of the sea, even there your hand shall lead me, and your right hand shall hold me.” The psalmist pronounces God’s omnipresence in Psalm 137.
This should convey deep comfort to Christians who war with loneliness and deep sorrow. In a totally actual manner, God is always close to us, “nearer than our mind,” writes Tozer. “The knowledge that we’re in no way alone calms the sea of our lives and speaks peace to our soul.”
#7. God Is Wise – He Is Full of Perfect, Unchanging Wisdom
“Oh, the depth of the riches each of the knowledge and expertise of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His approaches!” – Romans 11:33
Wisdom is more than just head information and intelligence. A reality sensible individual is someone who is aware all the records and makes the first-rate selections. A clever person makes use of his heart, soul and mind collectively with knowledge and competence. But even the wisest man on this planet could by no means come close to being as sensible as God.
God is infinitely wise, continuously smart, and flawlessly clever. Tozer writes, “Wisdom, amongst different matters, is the capability to plan ideal ends and to obtain the ones ends by the best approach. It sees the end from the beginning, so there may be no need to guess or conjecture. Wisdom sees the whole lot in focus, every right relation to all, and is as a result capable of working toward predestined dreams with faultless precision.”
Indeed, whilst we see awareness like this, we understand simply how much our restrained, finite information compares with the infinite, countless information of God. And how comforting and wonderful that is for man to reside on! The fact that God can never be greater wise approach he is always doing the wisest element in our lives. No plan we ought to make for our lives could be higher than the plan he has already crafted and is wearing out for us. We won’t apprehend his ways nowadays, but we can believe that due to the fact God is infinitely clever; he without a doubt is running all things out in the best viable manner.
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#8. God Is Faithful – He Is Infinitely, Unchangingly True
“Know consequently that the LORD your God is God; he’s the trustworthy God, keeping his covenant of love to 1000 generations of folks who love him and maintain his instructions.” – Deut 7:9
“[I]f we are faithless, he stays devoted— for he can’t deny himself.” 2 Timothy 2:13
As with all of God’s attributes, they may be not separate, remote trends but interconnected components of his best whole being. So his faithfulness cannot be understood aside from his immutability, the truth that he in no way changes. So whilst we study that God remains devoted, for he cannot deny himself, we see those attributes working collectively. The truth that he is unchanging means he can in no way not be faithful.
W. Pink writes this about God’s faithfulness: “God is authentic. His Word of Promise is certain. In all His family members with His people God is devoted. He may be competently relied upon. No one ever but without a doubt relied on Him in vain. We locate this precious truth expressed nearly anywhere in the Scriptures, for His people want to recognize that faithfulness is an important part of the Divine man or woman. This is the idea of our self assurance in Him.”
The truth that God is infinitely, unchangingly trustworthy way that he in no way forgets something, by no means fails to do something he has got down to do, by no means changes his thoughts or takes back a promise. And his faithfulness pours out from his love, so we will agree with Paul’s word that “in all things God works for the good of individuals who love him.”
Of course, we don’t always recognize or see how his plan is faithful. In our limited knowledge and finite minds, God’s faithfulness may look lots like abandonment. For how ought to a loyal God permit his kids to suffer, to harm, to die? But Christians can take consolation in those moments via remembering these attributes of God, for whilst we go through tough times, we recognize that God is nevertheless unchangingly devoted, exact, always with us and clever. Faithfully trusting in who God says he’s a tremendous comfort. “For now we see in a mirror dimly, however then head to head. Now I know in part; then I shall know absolutely, whilst I had been completely known.” 1 Corinthians 13:12
#9. God Is Good – He Is Infinitely, Unchangingly Kind and Full of Good Will
“O, enjoy God and spot that the Lord is good” – Psalm 34:8
According to Tozer, the goodness of God “disposes Him to be type, cordial, benevolent, and full of proper will toward men. He is tenderhearted and of quick sympathy and His unfailing mind-set in the direction of all ethical beings is open, frank, and pleasant. By His nature He is willing to bestow blessedness and He takes holy pleasure within the happiness of His people.”
Just like his other attributes, God’s goodness exists within his immutability, and limitless nature, so that he is unchangingly, constantly appropriate. His mercy flows from his goodness. “In his goodness to us, we see that He has purposed to be true in a special manner to his beloved ones”(Ligonier.Com).
As with God’s different perfect attributes, Christians discover it less complicated to affirm the goodness of God when matters are going nicely. When life takes a nosedive, even though, that’s while we start to question God’s goodness to and for us.
When the Psalmist writes “O, taste GOD and spot that the Lord is good,” (Psalm 34) he’s inviting us not just to believe that God is right however to enjoy God’s goodness. And, curiously, as Desiring God writer Andrew Wilson notes in his article with reference to God’s goodness, “the psalmist affirms his experience of God’s goodness from a place of suffering. In verse 19, he makes the extremely good assertion, “Many are the afflictions of the righteous.” Even with an awesome God, who’s sovereign over the whole thing and has the strength to do something he likes, top people nevertheless suffer. His punch line, even though, comes in the subsequent word: “however Yahweh grants him out of them all.” Evil happens, however “none of people who take shelter in him will be condemned” (34:22).
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#10. God Is Just – He Is Infinitely, Unchangeably Right and Perfect in All He Does
“The Rock! His work is perfect, For all His approaches are simple; A God of faithfulness and without injustice, Righteous and upright is He.” – Duet 32:4
What does it mean that God is simple approach greater than he’s actually truthful? It means he continually does what is right and proper closer to all men. Likewise, despite the fact that this is hard for many to just accept, his sentencing of evil, unrepentant sinners to hell are also right and excellent.
A natural query that arises from this is, how then can a just God justify the unjust (as each people are without Christ!)? Tozer answers this with the aid of reminding us that we find the answer through the Christian doctrine of justification and redemption. “Through the work of Christ in atonement, justice is not violated but happy when God spares a sinner.” His mercy is does not forbid him to exercise his justice, nor does his justice forbid him to exercise his mercy. He is both fully merciful and fully just.
In light of God’s other attributes of goodness, mercy, love and beauty, there are some who would possibly, in blunders, say that God is just too kind to punish the ungodly. But to accept as true with this means we stupid the reality of his endless, unchanging justice. God can have justice for sin, both from Christ’s atoning demise or, for individuals who will not accept it, everlasting wrath in hell.
“Let’s assume that every ones are guilty of sin in the sight of God. From the mass of humanity, God sovereignty makes a decision to offer mercy to some of them. What do the rest get? They get justice. The saved get mercy and the unsaved get justice. Nobody gets injustice” – R. C. Sproul
#11. God Is Merciful – He is Infinitely, Unchangeably Compassionate and Kind
“I could have mercy on whom I actually have mercy, and I can have compassion on whom I even have compassion.” So then it does not rely upon the man who wills or the person who runs, but on God who has mercy.” – Romans 9:15-16
As mentioned above, God’s mercy is inseparable from his justness. He is infinitely, unchangeably, unfailingly merciful – forgiving, lovingly kind towards us. He is inexhaustibly, actively compassionate. His mercy is also undeserved by us. Spurgeon writes that, “It is undeserved mercy, as certainly all true mercy must be, for deserved mercy is most effective a misnomer for justice. There turned to no right at the sinner’s component, to the saving mercy of the Most High God. Had the revolt been doomed immediately to eternal fireplace — he might have justly merited the doom; and if introduced from wrath, sovereign love on his own has discovered a cause, for there has been none in the sinner himself. “
Without the mercy of God, we’d haven’t any desire of heaven. Because of our disobedient hearts, we deserve demise. “For all have sinned and fall short glory of God,” and, “the wages of sin is demise.” But because of mercy, we don’t get what we deserve. Instead, because of the mercy of God, we get life through faith in Christ.
Tozer writes this about the mercy of God. “As judgment is God’s justice confronting ethical inequity, so mercy is the goodness of God confronting human suffering and guilt. Were there no guilt within the world, no pain and no tears, God could yet be infinitely merciful; however His mercy would possibly nicely continue to be hidden in His heart, unknown to the created universe. No voice might be raised to have fun the mercy of which none felt the need. It is people distress and sin that name forth the divine mercy.”
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#12. God Is Gracious – God Is Infinitely Inclined to Spare the Guilty
“The LORD is gracious and merciful; Slow to anger and notable in loving kindness.” – Psalm 145:8
If mercy is not getting what we do deserve (damnation), grace is getting what we don’t deserve (eternal life). “As mercy is God’s goodness confronting human misery and guilt,” Tozer writes, “so grace is His goodness directed toward human debt and demerit. It is through his grace that God imputes advantage wherein none previously existed and broadcasts no debt to be in which one were earlier than.”
Because grace is part of whom God is and not just a movement he bestows, it means we will agree with that grace is eternal. His grace is something we do not earn or lose (“For it’s far by way of grace you have been saved, thruogh faith – and this isn’t always from yourselves, it’s miles the present of God…” Eph. 2:8). His grace is also sovereign. “I might be gracious to whom I can be gracious” (Exodus 33:19).
When talking about the grace of God, theologians will regularly differentiate between God’s common grace and his saving grace. Christianity Today author Patrick Mabilog writes this about the difference. “His common grace is a present to all of mankind. It is the purpose that everyone – Christian or non-Christian – enjoys the advantages of life, provision and abundance. Matthew 5:45 tells us, ‘For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain at the just and at the unjust.’”
While all of humanity advantages from common grace, best folks who profess accept as true with and put their faith in Christ acquire saving grace. This is what effects in our sanctification and our glorification of God, that we would stay for him and experience him for all eternity.
#13. God Is Loving – God Infinitely, Unchangingly Loves Us
“Beloved, allow us to love one another, for love is from God, and whoever loves has been born of God and knows God. Anyone who does not love does not know God, because God is love.” – 1 John 4:7-8
- Love. The phrase “staggers earlier than its mission of even describing the truth,” writes R.C. Sproul in his ebook, God’s Love. As with all attributes, we can handiest start to realize God’s love in mild of his different attributes. The love of God is eternal, sovereign, unchanging, and countless.
“It is a strange and delightful eccentricity of the unfastened God,” Tozer writes, “that He has allowed His heart to be emotionally diagnosed with men. Self-sufficient as He is, He desires our love and will not be glad until He receives it. Free as He is, He has let His heart be sure to us forever. God’s love is active, drawing us to himself. His love is private. He doesn’t love humanity in a few indistinct feel, he loves human beings. He loves you and me. And his love for us is know no beginning and no cease.
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#14. God Is Holy – He is Infinitely, Unchangingly Perfect
“Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord Almighty” – Revelation 4:8
The word holy way sacred, set aside, revered, or divine. And yet none of those word is good enough to describe the remarkable holiness of our God. John MacArthur writes this about God’s holiness: “Of all the attributes of God, holiness is the one that most uniquely describes Him and in reality is a summation of all His different attributes. The word holiness refers to His separateness, His otherness, the reality that He is not like any other being. It suggests His entire and endless perfection. Holiness is the characteristic of God that binds all the others collectively.”
That God is holy approach he’s with no end in sight, continually best. And his well-known for us is perfection as nicely. “Therefore you are to be ideal, as your Heavenly Father is perfect,” Jesus says in Matthew 5:48. That’s why we want Christ. Without Christ taking the area for us and demise for our sins, we might all fall quick of God’s holy general. Tozer says this about what God’s holiness needs:
“Since God’s first problem for His universe is its ethical health, that is, its holiness, something is against this is necessarily beneath His eternal displeasure. To keep His advent God should ruin something might smash it. When He arises to place down iniquity and keeps the arena from irreparable ethical crumble, He is said to be angry. Every wrathful judgment in the history of the world has been a holy act of renovation. The holiness of God, the wrath of God, and the health of the creation are inseparably united. God’s wrath is His utter intolerance of anything degrades and destroys.”
Thankfully, the Christian will in no way have to experience God’s holy wrath poured out. Through Christ’s demise and resurrection, the penalty for our sins become paid and we were imputed (credited) with Christ’s righteousness. Now, while God appears on us, he sees Christ’s best holiness. Hallelujah! It is on this that we will desire to stand in the presence of the blindingly natural, ideal, Holy One of Israel.
#15. God Is Glorious – He is Infinitely Beautiful and Great
“His radiance is like the light; He has rays flashing from His hand, And there may be the hiding of His strength.” – Habakkuk 3:4
John Piper defines God’s glory like this: “The glory of God is the limitless beauty and greatness of God’s manifold perfections. The countless beauty—and I am focusing at the manifestation of his person and his worth and his attributes — all of his perfections and greatness are stunning as they may be seen, and there are a lot of them. That is why I use the word manifold.”
Ligonier writes this about the respect of God: “When we consider the respect of the Lord, the picture of notable mild frequently involves our minds. That is honestly suitable, as Scripture regularly describes the honor of God in terms of a light that shines brighter than something that we experience on the earth.”
The glory of God is of direction, inseparable from his other attributes, so God is without end, infinitely, unchangingly wonderful. His radiance and splendor emanate from all that his and all that he does. Isaiah 43:7 says that man was created via God for his glory. So our entire life and reason is to glorify him, as we’re created in his image and do the coolest work, he has organized for us to do. Inevitably, men will attempt to locate glory in different things, or to try to make himself an object of glory. And when the ones matters fail to convey us pride, we ought to decide to humble ourselves and turn our gaze back to the best one who’s worth of glory.
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